Copyright Resources

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Posting Links to Online Readings

If you wish to share an electronic article by email or for an online course you should provide a link to the source, the web address or a citation. For example, if you wish to refer a colleague, a student or group of students at Emily Carr University to an article from an electronic journal available from the library send the persistent link to the article or library database. The library subscribes to a large number of full text databases that allow linking in an online course environment.

Proper citing of sources is essential in academic work. However, it is not part of copyright.

For more information on citing, consult the library’s citation guide.

Creating a Digital Course Pack

Faculty interested in creating a digital course pack and uploading to a Moodle course, should send an email request to Catherine Horan requesting the Course Pack information and documents and an email request to requesting a Moodle course.

Faculty please note that Emily Carr University has now signed a contract with Access Copyright, a major copyright-protection organization, that ensures students and teachers can legally copy protected works.


The fair dealing provision in the Copyright Act permits use of a copyright-protected work without permission from the copyright owner or the payment of copyright royalties. To qualify for fair dealing, two tests must be passed.

First, the “dealing” must be for a purpose stated in the Copyright Act: research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire or parody. Educational use of a copyright-protected work passes the first test.

The second test is that the dealing must be “fair.” In landmark decisions in 2004 and in 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada provided guidance as to what this test means in educational institutions.

This Fair Dealing Policy applies fair dealing in non-profit universities and provides reasonable safeguards for the owners of copyright-protected works in accordance with the Copyright Act and the Supreme Court decisions.


  • Teachers, instructors, professors and staff members in non-profit universities may communicate and reproduce, in paper or electronic form, short excerpts from a copyright-protected work for the purposes of research, private study, criticism, review, news reporting, education, satire or parody.
  • Copying or communicating short excerpts from a copyright-protected work under this Fair Dealing Policy for the purpose of news reporting, criticism or review must mention the source and, if given in the source, the name of the author or creator of the work.
  • A copy of a short excerpt from a copyright-protected work may be provided or communicated to each student enrolled in a class or course:

(a) as a class handout
(b) as a posting to a learning or course management system that is password protected or otherwise restricted to students of the university
(c) as part of a course pack

  • A short excerpt means:

(a)        up to 10% of a copyright-protected work (including a literary work, musical score, sound recording, and an audiovisual work)
(b)       one chapter from a book
(c)        a single article from a periodical
(d)       an entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram, drawing, map, chart, and plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other artistic works
(e)        an entire newspaper article or page
(f)        an entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work containing other poems or musical scores
(g)       an entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary or similar reference work provided that in each case, no more of the work is copied than is required in order to achieve the allowable purpose.

  • Copying or communicating multiple short excerpts from the same copyright-protected work, with the intention of copying or communicating substantially the entire work, is prohibited.
  • Copying or communicating that exceeds the limits in this Fair Dealing Policy may be referred to the University Librarian for evaluation. An evaluation of whether the proposed copying or communication is permitted under fair dealing will be made based on all relevant circumstances.
  • Any fee charged by the university for communicating or copying a short excerpt from a copyright-protected work must be intended to cover only the costs of the university, including overhead costs.

Please visit the Copyright Guide on the main Emily Carr University website. This guide is intended to serve as an introduction for faculty to copyright as it applies to the different formats available from the Emily Carr library.

It is divided into several sections:

If you are unsure of what you can copy and upload into your Moodle or blog courses/sites please contact James Rout in the library.

Please also review our web policy for using and adding content to the courses.

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